Hypothisis: Early onset Diabetes in Children and Young Adults provides the Neurobiology for developing NPD
It's not known what causes narcissistic personality disorder. As with personality development and with other mental health disorders, the cause of narcissistic personality disorder is likely complex. Narcissistic personality disorder may be linked to:
- Environment ― mismatches in parent-child relationships with either excessive adoration or excessive criticism that is poorly attuned to the child's experience
- Genetics ― inherited characteristics
- Neurobiology — the connection between the brain and behavior and thinking
Narcissistic personality disorder affects more males than females, and it often begins in the teens or early adulthood. Keep in mind that, although some children may show traits of narcissism, this may simply be typical of their age and doesn't mean they'll go on to develop narcissistic personality disorder.
Although the cause of narcissistic personality disorder isn't known, some researchers think that in biologically vulnerable children, (nobody more vulnerable then a child diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes), parenting styles that are overprotective or neglectful may have an impact. As with any diagnosis of serious disease, parental skills are tested to the max. Genetics and the neurobiology of the developing brain of a Diabetic child are only now beginning to be understood, and may play a role in development of narcissistic personality disorder.
Complications of narcissistic personality disorder, and other conditions that can occur along with it, can include:
- Relationship difficulties
- Problems at work or school
- Depression and anxiety
- Physical health problems
- Drug or alcohol misuse
- Suicidal thoughts or behavior
Because the cause of narcissistic personality disorder is unknown, there's no known way to prevent the condition. However, it may help to:
- Get treatment as soon as possible for childhood mental health problems
- Participate in family therapy to learn healthy ways to communicate or to cope with conflicts or emotional distress
- Attend parenting classes and seek guidance from therapists or social workers if needed. People with narcissistic personality disorder may not want to think that anything could be wrong, so they may be unlikely to seek treatment.This is a crucial point they don"t recognize they even have the disease. Defensive mechanisms built up to such an extent, that all criticism is deflected seamlessly without effort or conscious awareness. If they do seek treatment, it's more likely to be for symptoms of depression, drug or alcohol use, or another mental health problem. But perceived insults to self-esteem may make it difficult to accept and follow through with treatment.
- Attending and completing a 12-Step program with a sponsor has been proven to help people escape the "Bondage of Self". This type of recovery results in a totally different perspective of the world and becomes a way of life for the sponsee.
- Results in a psychic change sufficient to change long held beliefs. And a desire to help others solve their problems too.